Diseases That Affect The Digestive System

The main function of the digestive system is to turn the food into energy and the different parts of the digestive system work together and have a specific function, for example, mouth helps to break down the food which can be absorbed well by the body, esophagus helps to deliver the food to, stomach helps to break down the food properly which are later released to small intestines and then other parts of digestive system like pancreas, liver, etc. will perform their role. The digestive system extends from mouth to anus and improper functioning of the digestive system can cause following ten diseases:

Fecal Compaction: Fecal compaction is solid bulk of human feces which develops at the rectum and is a result of chronic constipation. Abdominal pain and bloating is experienced by the patient of this condition. The causes are physical inactivity, less water intake, less fiber food in diet, etc.

Bowel obstruction: This is functional and mechanical obstruction of intestines, prevents the transit of digestive products and can be treated conservatively within 2 to5 days where the physician has to monitor the condition of the patient. The condition can become more complicated because of dehydration.

Viral Gastroenteritis: This medical condition or disease is a result of an infection which can cause diarrhea or vomiting. This condition is also known as stomach flu which is not caused because of influenza viruses. Without any major issues, people can easily recover from this disease.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): In this disease the valve becomes weak where the stomach and esophagus will allow the stomach acid reflux and cause irritation as well as swelling in the lining which may further result in chest pain, heartburn, nausea, etc.

Appendicitis: This happens because of inflamed appendix. When the lumen of the appendix is obstructed, because of the fecal waste, this condition is developed. Appendix is like a tiny pouch like thing which is combined to to lower right side of the kidney and the worst situation in this disease is, bursting of the appendix which can cause death.

Rapid Gastric Eptying: This condition or disease is also known as dumping syndrome and the condition develops when the undigested food of the stomach develops quickly at lower end of your small intestine which can further result in vomiting, nausea, vomiting, bloating, shortness of breath and even diarrhea.

Collagenous Colitis: This is an inflammatory bowel disease where one suffers from swelling in the intestines and sometimes it also affects the coon in the large intestines. Intestinal Pseudo-

Obstruction: This disease is also called false blockage where a person faces the similar symptoms to that of bowel obstruction, but over here no obstructions are observed during the examination of intestines. The way in which muscles and nerves in the intestines function, this condition is caused. A few symptoms are cramps, nausea, stomach pain and loose stools.

Mucoid Plaque: This is harmful coating of mucus-like material which persists in your colon. The presence of mucoid plaque minimizes nutrient absorption, impairs digestion, and gives breeding ground to parasite microorganisms which results in low bowel transit time.

Ulcerative Colitis: This is a disease which is caused because of swelling, sores and ulcers. Which appear in the lining of the large intestine. Because of this swelling is caused in the rectum and the lower part of your colon but it can affect the whole colon as well. If the disease affect your small intestines then it is termed as terminalileum as well.

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