Defining The Childhood Diseases
Children are prone to catch infections and suffer from illness at a greater rate that the adults due to their not-so-developed immunity system and an outdoor ambience of schools, playgrounds, day-centre, parks, etc. Contagious diseases get easily transfused into a child’s system through the various types of infections getting transmitted into a pediatric immunity easily. Therefore, it should be borne in mind, that almost every diseases confronted by children are likely to be serious and should be dealt with immense precariousity and diligence. Most of the childhood contagious diseases are formed by the spread of bacteria, as in the case of scarlet fever; or viruses in the forms of droplets of saliva or mucus, especially when a child coughs or sneezes while in contact of another child, as in the cases of a few serious diseases like, chickenpox, measles, hand-foot-and mouth diseases,etc. At many times, infestations caused by insects can take form of serious contagious disease like, scabies; while, sometimes also, fungal infections via. Ringworms can also happen to be a severe contagious disease for the children. In fact, of all the childhood diseases, the two most efficacious are – the scarlet fever and the German measles.
Understanding The Scarlet Fever And The German Measles
Scarlet fever is an infection initiated by streptococcus bacteria. In such condition, children tend to suffer not only from a throat infection, but, at the same time, poison is produced in the child’s body causing the distinctive rash of scarlet fever. However, children with more sensitive skin are to get rash in such conditions, as their skin’s epidermal layer are prone to toxins, although, every child suffering from scarlet fever must be getting throat infection. Scarlet fever is contagious and anybody, be they adults or children, if come in contact with a child suffering from scarlet fever might get infected from the patient on the very same disease. Although rare, yet complications arising out of this scarlet fever may include deeper tissue infections, rheumatism fever, and even, kidney diseases. On the other hand, German measles is initiated by rubella virus which spread into a child’s body through contact with fluids present in the respiratory tract. Occurring mostly in the spring and summer months, the incubation period stretches from 14 – 21 days, whereas, the disease accompanied by rash and fever start to persist between 1 – 7 days after the incubation tenure. Though, this disease proves to be a mild illness to children with weak immune, yet for the pregnant woman, suffering from this disease, the condition can be critical for it can cause severe damage to their unborn babies.
Understanding The Other Childhood Diseases
Other viral diseases like, measles is a highly contagious infection of the respiratory system caused by a virus; whereas, chickenpox is caused by a virus named varicella-zoster. Likewise, scabies caused by tiny mites called sarcoptes scabiei living and multiplying on the skin of the children, initiate an itchy skin condition. The scalp and the hair of the children suffering from scalp ringworm disease appear to be of scaly spots with patches of broken hair on the heads. Such disease is caused by tinea capitis, resulting in a common mild infection of the scalp and the hair.
Getting Rid Of The Childhood Diseases
Mostly, the childhood diseases can be prevented by the elders and the parents by getting their children vaccines which provide a life-long immunity to them from such diseases. However, most of these diseases being contagious can be easily transmitted amongst the children by various ways as told before. And, in such cases, taking before-hand prevention stands just next to impossible on the parts of the parents, as well as, the elders.