Ovarian Cancer

In women, the ovaries are present on each side of uterus. These are responsible for producing hormones estrogen and progesterone as well as ova, .i.e., eggs. The abnormal growth of malignant cells in the ovaries is known as ovarian cancer. The ovarian tumors may be benign or malignant. The malignant type of tumor generally spreads through the blood stream or lymph, or may spread to other parts of the body like abdomen, pelvis, etc. It is normally found in the patients above the age of fifty years. It is ranked as the fifth most common cancer responsible for death in women.

Causes

If the mother, daughter or sister of a woman has ovarian cancer history, she is likely to develop it. Similarly women with genetic mutations of BRCA1 and BRCA2 are also at a greater risk. If a woman did not have a child in her entire life, or has been diagnosed with a cancer of rectum, uterus, colon, breast, then such woman is more prone to ovarian cancer. The other factors include endometriosis, early menarche, diet rich in fats, late menopause, etc.

Though these are the possible risk factors, the exact cause still remains a question.

Signs and Symptoms

It is essential that every woman is encouraged to know the possible signs and symptoms in order to catch the disease in the initial stages itself. The most common include pelvic or abdominal pain, difficulty in eating, getting a feeling of fullness quickly, continuous feeling of bloating, bowel problems, change in frequency of urination, change in bladder habits, lack of energy, increase in abdominal girth, etc. These symptoms may point to cancer or other less serious problems. Since these symptoms are very common, they can be overlooked, thus progressing cancer to later stages.

Diagnosis

As the symptoms are nonspecific, diagnosis of ovarian cancer can be a tough job. It will normally involve a pelvic examination, transvaginal ultrasound, and a blood test for CA-125. Sometimes, a surgical procedure like laparotomy or laparoscopy may be required to look into the abdomen, remove suspicous areas and fluid for further examination. A CT scan, barium enema x-rays, MRI, PET, are some other tests required to confirm whether the patient is suffering from ovarian cancer or not.

Treatment

Treatment of ovarian cancer patients is dependent on their general health, whether they are planning to have children, type and stage of cancer. To determine the spread of cancer surgery may be done. It serves two purposes, staging and debulking. Debulking refers to maximum limit to which the tumor is removed. Chemotherapy is used to kill cancerous cells or shrink the tumors. The drugs are given through mouth, or into a vein. Targeted therapy is used nowadays to attack only the cancerous cells without causing much damage to the normal cells. Hormonal and radiation therapy, palliative treatment are some other ways to treat ovarian cancer.

Prevention

Using birth control pills for more than five years, hysterectomy, tubal ligation, removing ovaries, giving birth to more than one child, breast feeding, are some of the ways to lower and prevent ovarian cancer.

If you notice any of the above signs or symptoms consistently for more than six months, it is importantl that you talk to your gynecologic oncologist immediately and carry out the required tests to rule out the possibility of ovarian cancer.

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Macular Hole, Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention

Macula is a small and tiny region located at the centre of the retina. When the light rays fall on the retina, the signals are passed on to the brain and the signals are then interpreted as the picture you get to see. The macula is a very important part of the eye since it is responsible for the concentrating eye sight you all have. Various activities which requires a good vision such as reading, sewing or identifying objects or faces is done with the help of the Macula. A small tear in the Macula creates Macular Hole. It is part of the natural ageing process due to which the Macular breaks in the middle.

Causes

The eye is never empty or hollow. The space inside the eye is covered by a thick transparent liquid known as Vitreous gel. This gel is made up of 99 % water and 1 % of the substance which allows it to take the vitreous shape. This gel is present right in front of the Macula. With ageing, the vitreous gel begins to shrivel and starts splitting from the Macula. Mostly, there is no harm caused in this process. But, the gel which sticks to the Macula does not get pulled away due to which the tissue of Macula stretches thus leading to its tear gradually in a week’s time. This is how a Macular Hole is formed.

This disorder is most associated with natural ageing process and is found to be occurring amongst people aged above 60. Other uncommon reasons for its occurrence are eye injuries or elongated swelling of the Macula.

Signs & Symptoms

There are no clear signs or symptoms of the existence or occurrence of this disorder in the initial stages. The central vision starts to become unclear and hazy. As the hole starts getting bigger, the blind spot begins to develop in the central vision path thus damaging your ability to see things which are both distant and near. Usually Macular Hole is seen to be diagnosed only in one eye. It is not very common to see both the eyes getting diagnosed with this disorder.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of this disorder is conducted by an eye specialist. The ophthalmologist will conduct the examination in a certain format. Firstly he or she will dilate your pupil and then check the retina. For most eye specialists, recommend a test known as fluorescein angiography. A specific dye is used in this kind of test to light up region around retina.

Optical coherence tomography, also known as OCT is conducted which helps in accurate and perfect diagnosis of the disorder. A specific laser camera is used to diagnose Macular Hole through this process. It has been designed in such a way that it can easily measure the thickness of the retina and also scan for any swellings in the region.

Treatment

The best and the most highly preferred treatment for treating Macular Hole is through a type of surgery. This surgery is known as Vitrectomy Surgery.

Prevention

There are no preventive measures as such which are known for avoiding the occurrence of such disorders.

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Foods That Fight Belly Fat

Belly fat is a major cause of frustration among youths and people are prone to develop belly fat because most of the people work in corporate and MNC’s sitting for 9 to 10 hours at one place. The first thing which they observe is an increase in waistline, a ponch tends to hang when people wear pants or jeans. Changing food habits can help you cut the flab and get rid of belly fat. People have a tendency to consume a lot of wheat products where they feel replacing white flour can help them lose weight, but it is a myth.

Research states that wheat eaters consume more calories. Carbs also develop cravings so it needs to be balanced as well. High protein is the magic ingredient to fight belly fat. Combining fruits and vegetables in a proper way can help you lose weight and keep you healthy as well. So, there are 7 foods which can help you fight belly fat and you must analyze your diet before giving a kick start to your diet plan.

Avocados

This fruit has antibacterial and antioxidant properties that fight cancer and amino acid lecithin which helps to balance weight and prevents liver overload. It also balances the level of cholesterol in the body and prevents strokes and heart attacks.

Apples

It is a saying an apple a day keeps the doctor away which and while dieting apples help one to lose weight. It is a natural and healthy weight loss weight as apples are low in sodium and fat. It also has fiber and necessary minerals and vitamins which keeps the body healthy. Sodium fights water retention in the fat. The enzymes present in apple increase the digestion of the food.

Quinoa

Quinoa is a unique grain food which has a texture similar to that of rice. It is a wonderful source of protein and also has healthy carbs. It keeps you full and helps to avoid unnecessary cravings. It is also rich in iron, calcium, phosphorus, etc. It is a vegetarian diet which is perfect for weight watchers. It is a rich diet which also provides the necessary amino acids to the body present in meat and eggs. It reduces hunger and keeps you healthy.

Green Tea

Research and several studies have revealed the benefit of taking green tea for losing excess fat. It will give you an edge to lose weight and taking 3 to 4 cups a day is beneficial for losing extra weight. It increases your metabolism and ability to lose weight.

Watermelon

Watermelon is a wonderful addition to your weight loss plan. During summer this is a healthy option which keeps you full and satisfied. It is low in calories and have a high content of water. It also has properties of vitamin C, and lycopene and its seeds can be used as a snack which can be roasted before consumption. It will help you maintain the energy as well.

Vegetables

Eating vegetables is a great way to lose belly as they are rich in minerals, nutrients, fiber and have a good amount of water content as well. Vegetables can fight the hunger pangs and keep you fit. Broccoli, spinach, collard greens and leeks, beans and carrots are great for losing weight which will keep you full throughout the day. Cards are released slowly in broccoli which keeps you full of energy and sprouts have a lot of fiber. Spinach is also high in fiber and o not cause water retention. You can eat them cooked or raw.

Egg Whites

Egg whites are great for losing weight and improves blood sugar metabolism. Egg white is hard to digest which helps in burning more calories. If egg whites are eaten without carbs then the fat loss process is increased as the egg whites secrete more of glycogen which are terrific to enhance fat loss.

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Five Super Foods to Control Hair Fall

The sight of several strands of your hair at the bottom of the shower or on the ground is not less than a horror movie. It is equally frightful to wake up in the morning with a nightmare of you going bald. Well as a matter of fact if we do not take proper care of ourselves and our lovely tresses we might be at the tragic end of losing them. No doubt that bald is also a new style statement but losing your hair in high volumes at a young age is an alarming situation. It is better in such situations to avoid medicines and include foods such as fish, eggs, beans, raisins, bean sprouts, seafood and potatoes for preventing hair loss.

1. Foods with Zinc

Zinc is an essential nutrient that promotes growth of hair. It is believed to play a pivotal role in the cell reproduction and hormonal balance. But one of its most important functions is of managing glands which are attached to your hair follicles. This means if you diet is not rich in zinc, there is a tendency the follicles will be weak and lead to breaking off or falling out of your hair. So do not take direct zinc supplements but rather include foods such as fishes, shrimps and oysters to prevent hair loss.

2. Potatoes

Potatoes are one of the best foods to include in your diet for controlling hair loss. Try to include the skin of the vegetable too. When it comes to potatoes do not go out and opt for greasy fast food. Instead try do make a healthy and nutritious burger or french fries by baking potato slices and seasoning them with various flavoured ingredients.

3. Protein Rich Diet

One of the most important nutrients that aids in the growth of hair is protein. Hence fairly it is important to eat a protein rich diet. But a heavy protein and high fat diet will not do extraordinary wonders to your hair too. Infact it can lead to high testosterone levels and further hair loss. So keep yourself to leaner proteins such as fish, calf’s liver, low fat cheese, almonds, yogurt, chicken, brewer’s yeast, eggs and beans. They will help improve and maintain healthy growth of your hair.

4. Foods with Iron

Iron is an important component that aids in the production of hemoglobin which carries oxygen to the various organs and tissues of the body. Only if the hemoglobin is in the required quantity will the oxygen be properly dispersed. This also translates into proper circulation of blood in your scalp which will help improve your hair fall. For a balanced amount of iron in your diet, you should opt for foods such as raisins, dates, cherry juice and whole grain cereals.

5. Foods with Silica

Eating foods such as bean sprouts, red and green peppers and cucumbers helps in preventing hair loss. All such foods have high nutritional value if consumed in the raw form rather than cooked. Basically these contain silica which helps the body to absorb nutrients such as minerals and vitamins. Without silica, absorption of such nutrients for better growth of hair is not possible. Vitamins aid in the production of sebum which is essential to avoid frequent breaking off of hair.

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Eleven Top Foods That Fight Diabetes

Diabetes is one of the most common lifestyle disease faced by millions of people worldwide. There is no instant or quick cure available to treat this disorder. The only way to manage diabetes is by making some lifestyle changes. Diabetes cannot be cured, it can only be controlled. Diet control is the major strategy towards managing and controlling the diabetes in the best possible manner. Key changes to your diet can help in controlling the blood sugar levels. Lean protein and good fats can help controlling the diabetes and its side effects.

1. Apples

Apples are the low in calories and the fibre content present in the apples are very high. It assists your body in fighting with the bad cholesterol since it has high anti-oxidation capacity. You can eat raw apples without peeling to get the maximum benefits out of it. There are various recipes that include apples and oatmeal that creates a good and safe diet combination.

2. Avocado

Avocados are rich in monounsaturated fats that are responsible for controlling the blood sugar level in the given limits. Insulin resistance can also be reversed with the help of the diet that is filled with good fats. Mashed avocados can be put on the bread in the place of peanut butter or butter.

3. Barley

Barley can be replaced with white rice in the diet for keeping the blood sugar level under the control. Barley has the property to slow down the digestion that decreases the carbohydrate absorption in the body. Barley can be served as a side dish; it can be added with the soup and can be used in stir frying.

4. Broccoli

It is filled with anti oxidants and turns out to be a filling food option. Long term blood sugar control is enhanced with the help of broccoli since it is very rich in chromium. If you do not like eating it directly, you can eat it in salads and pastas.

5. Berries

Berries are filled with fibres and anti-oxidants. Anthocyanins are another plant compound that is commonly found in berries that helps in increasing the insulin production that aids in lowering the blood sugar level.

6. Beef

Beef is another diabetes friendly food if eaten in moderation. Beef also makes you feel full and satisfied. It keeps your metabolism high by maintaining the muscle mass in the body.

7. Citric Fruits

Fruits rich in vitamin C are very effective in controlling the blood sugar levels.

8. Beans

Beans have huge amount of soluble fibres in it that helps in keeping the blood sugar levels within the limits. Beans like chickpeas and kidney beans are also a very rich source of protein as well.

9. Carrots

Carrots have very less sugar in it that maintains the body sugar levels in its optimum range. Carrots are also the natural source for beta carotene.

10. Fish and Egg

Eggs and fish are rich in quality proteins and make you feel fuller for a very long period of time.

11. Flax Seeds

These are rich in protein, fibre and good fats that help in controlling the diabetes.

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Eight Foods That Help Fight Infection

Infections are the outburst of our weak immune system that is unable to fight the common bacteria’s and viruses present in our surroundings. Antibiotics are some of the common medication alternative that helps our body fight with these allergens. But many food products naturally contain these antibiotics and eating them may naturally enhance the body mechanism to fight with any kind of infection. Some of the common food that helps us fight with any kind of infections is:

1. Carrots

Carrots are filled with antioxidants and beta carotene that offers a protection against infections. Carrot juice works wonder in cancer and ulcers by acting as a natural solvent. With the adrenal gland the effects of the carrots can be combined to help us fight against the throat and eye infections. Carrot is also very useful in respiratory tract infections and sinuses.

2. Cabbage

Cabbage has the highest anti-bacterial powers that help our body fight with any kind of infections. The bacteria causing stomach ulcers can be easily destroyed by the cabbage. Cabbage is extremely helpful in duodenal and gastric ulcers. Jaundice and bladder infections can also be treated with the help of cabbage juice that can be consumed along with honey.

3. Yoghurt

The curd bacteria are the healthy bacteria that convert the milk into the yoghurt. These bacteria do not allow the growth of any infection causing bacteria’s. Curd also help in digestion improvements since it can kill any kind of infection developing inside the intestinal tract. Curd also contains lactic acids that do not allow the growth of the bacteria that cause dysentery, appendicitis and diarrhoea.

4. Ginger

Ginger is very helpful in fighting with infections. It has been used to treat throat congestions and cold from several years. It helps in clearing the cough when consumed with honey and fenugreek decoctions.

5. Garlic

Garlic is one of the strongest antibacterial foods found in the nature. It has the broadest spectrum of antimicrobial substances and it can kill more than 75 types of infection casing organism. Garlic can work as anti-fungal, anti-parasitic, anti-protozoan, anti-viral and anti-bacterial element. It is stronger than the common antibiotic tetracycline and a regular consumption of raw garlic may help you boost up your immunity level for a long run. Raw garlic can kill any kind of bacteria that must be developing inside the intestine. Garlic has also been used in nose drops to directly kill the influenza and cold causing bacteria. It also helps in treating many vaginal tract infections.

6. Coconut

Coconut is filled with a variety of nutrients that are essential for the optimum functioning of human body. Coconut water has antibacterial elements and is recommended by the doctors in any kind of infections. The electrolyte balance of the body can be maintained with the help of coconut water that can be combined with some lemon juice. Intestinal worms can also be cleaned with the help of coconut water.

7. Honey

Antibiotic properties are stuffed in honey and it is highly effective in throat infections and inflammations. It is also quite helpful in sore tongue and oral ulceration. Infection inside the throat can also be treated with honey.

8. Turmeric

Turmeric has a high antiseptic value and it is very useful in throat infections, colds and skin diseases.

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Diseases That Affect The Digestive System

The main function of the digestive system is to turn the food into energy and the different parts of the digestive system work together and have a specific function, for example, mouth helps to break down the food which can be absorbed well by the body, esophagus helps to deliver the food to, stomach helps to break down the food properly which are later released to small intestines and then other parts of digestive system like pancreas, liver, etc. will perform their role. The digestive system extends from mouth to anus and improper functioning of the digestive system can cause following ten diseases:

Fecal Compaction: Fecal compaction is solid bulk of human feces which develops at the rectum and is a result of chronic constipation. Abdominal pain and bloating is experienced by the patient of this condition. The causes are physical inactivity, less water intake, less fiber food in diet, etc.

Bowel obstruction: This is functional and mechanical obstruction of intestines, prevents the transit of digestive products and can be treated conservatively within 2 to5 days where the physician has to monitor the condition of the patient. The condition can become more complicated because of dehydration.

Viral Gastroenteritis: This medical condition or disease is a result of an infection which can cause diarrhea or vomiting. This condition is also known as stomach flu which is not caused because of influenza viruses. Without any major issues, people can easily recover from this disease.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): In this disease the valve becomes weak where the stomach and esophagus will allow the stomach acid reflux and cause irritation as well as swelling in the lining which may further result in chest pain, heartburn, nausea, etc.

Appendicitis: This happens because of inflamed appendix. When the lumen of the appendix is obstructed, because of the fecal waste, this condition is developed. Appendix is like a tiny pouch like thing which is combined to to lower right side of the kidney and the worst situation in this disease is, bursting of the appendix which can cause death.

Rapid Gastric Eptying: This condition or disease is also known as dumping syndrome and the condition develops when the undigested food of the stomach develops quickly at lower end of your small intestine which can further result in vomiting, nausea, vomiting, bloating, shortness of breath and even diarrhea.

Collagenous Colitis: This is an inflammatory bowel disease where one suffers from swelling in the intestines and sometimes it also affects the coon in the large intestines. Intestinal Pseudo-

Obstruction: This disease is also called false blockage where a person faces the similar symptoms to that of bowel obstruction, but over here no obstructions are observed during the examination of intestines. The way in which muscles and nerves in the intestines function, this condition is caused. A few symptoms are cramps, nausea, stomach pain and loose stools.

Mucoid Plaque: This is harmful coating of mucus-like material which persists in your colon. The presence of mucoid plaque minimizes nutrient absorption, impairs digestion, and gives breeding ground to parasite microorganisms which results in low bowel transit time.

Ulcerative Colitis: This is a disease which is caused because of swelling, sores and ulcers. Which appear in the lining of the large intestine. Because of this swelling is caused in the rectum and the lower part of your colon but it can affect the whole colon as well. If the disease affect your small intestines then it is termed as terminalileum as well.

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Contagious Diseases

Diseases which are caused by transmission of germs from an affected person to another through direct contact are known as contagious diseases. All infectious diseases are not contagious but all contagious diseases are infectious. Direct physical contact or coming to handshaking distance to a person who is already suffering from an infection that is contagious can result in the germs being directly transmitted into the person coming into contact. These diseases can also be transmitted through using anything which had already been sued by an affected person.

Causes

Contagious diseases are caused by transmission of virus or bacteria from an affected person to another through air, using objects handled by the patient, saliva, sexual intercourse, kissing and other means of direct contact. Those who have weak immunization are most prone to these diseases.

Some Common Contagious Diseases

Among the most common types of contagious diseases are:

Chicken Pox

Red rashes appear all over the body which at times is in form of blisters containing a liquid substance and are exuded in due course. High fever, loss of appetite, stomach pain and headache are symptoms of this disease which generally affects children.

Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Weakly immunized persons are affected most by this bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria which is transmitted from an affected person through inhalation of droplets breathed out. This contagious disease is airborne and results in coughing phlegm or blood, fever, night sweating, weight loss and fatigue.

Mumps

When droplets of saliva containing the mumps virus is sneezed out by an affected person and is carried by air into the body of another person, causing inflammation of the salivary glands and weakness and fatigue, the disease is called mumps. Although in most cases it is resolved without treatment, complications may include encephalitis, deafness and miscarriage. Using objects such as utensils that have been contaminated by the virus may be one of the prime causes of this contagious disease.

Conjunctivitis

This is one of the most common contagious diseases affecting the eyes. In most cases this disease, caused by either virus or bacteria, is the result of coming near to or direct contact with a person suffering from conjunctivitis. A burning sensation along with itching and watery discharge from the eyes is associated with this disease.

Herpes

Herpes is a sexually transmitted disease which attacks the buttocks, anus and other genital organs and sometimes can affect the face and mouth where it is severe, caused by type 1 virus.

Influenza

Coming into contact with a person suffering from influenza may result in the germs being transmitted, causing coughing, nasal congestion, fatigue and fever.

Other Diseases

Other common contagious diseases include measles, tonsillitis, swine flu, meningitis, which are all causes of direct contact.

Treatment

Medication through use of antibiotics is the only treatment for this types of disease, but as prevention is better than cure, avoiding coming into direct contact with infected persons is the safest way to prevent being attacked by any of the contagious diseases.

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Churg Strauss Syndrome

Chrug Strauss Syndrome is a disorder that affects the blood vessel of our body. This is commonly known as eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis. In this disease the flow of the blood inside the vessel is blocked due to which blood may not reach to some vital organs. No blood supply eventually leads to the damage of those organs. A very common symptom of this syndrome is Asthama.

But this is a complicated disorder that may cause various health hazards ranging from rashes, hay fever, gastrointestinal bleeding, numbness in limbs and chronic pain. Due to this wide range of symptoms identifying this disease is a biggest challenge. It is a very rare disease that does not have any permanent cure. Though medication may help you prevent the symptom. Patients with the history of airways atopy may suffer this disease. Sometimes damage to lung or digestive tract may also happen in Chrug Strauss Syndrome. It is a non transmissible and non inheritable disorder that was described by Jacob Chrug and Lotte Strauss for the first time.

Causes

No specific cause is known for this disease, some scientists believe that an overactive immune system may trigger the symptoms of this disease. The combination of certain genes and environmental reactions are also considered to be the cause behind the occurrence of Chrug Strauss Syndrome. Some medicines or particular type of allergens may also ignite this disease in an individual. Immune system may also over react while working against any bacteria or virus, and this reaction may trigger the onset of this syndrome. While fighting with these foreign organisms the immune system may overreact leading to an inflammation in healthy tissues. In few patients the Chrug Strauss Syndrome was started after taking a particular medication for treating Asthma or an allergy known as montelukast. However a direct connect between any specific medicine and Chrug Strauss Syndromehas not been developed so far.

Symptoms

This disease is a highly erratic illness as some people could experience mild and manageable troubles where as many others may experience chronic illness along with severe pain. This Chrug Strauss Syndrome may also lead some life threatening complications and if they are not treated in time then patient may also lose his life. The disease has three stages and each stage has its own signs and symptoms:

1. Allergic stage

The very first stage is called as allergic stage in which many allergies are observed:

Asthma: The primary symptom of this syndrome is Asthama and it may develop 5-10 years before of any other symptoms of the disease.

Hay fever (allergic rhinitis): running nose and itching may also be a symptom

Sinus pain and inflammation (sinusitis)

2. Eosinophilic stage

In the second stage a kind of white blood cells known as eosinophil is developed and the number of these cells increase a lot in the blood of the patient. Lungs and digestive tract may get damaged and affected with some other common symptoms which are:

Asthama

Loss of apetite

Weight loss

Fever

Stomach pain

Cough

Dizziness

Gastrointestinal bleding

3. Vasculitic stage

Severe blood vessel inflammation is the major sign of this stage and this is known as vasculitis. Blood vessel gets narrowed and the blood flow to vital organ is affected leading to organ damage. Weight loss, weakness and fatigue are the common symptoms of this stage. Few other symptoms of this stage are:

Swelling and joint pain

Chest pain

Skin sores

Blood while coughing

Numbness of the limbs

Chronic abdominal pain

Blood in urine

Irregular heartbeat

Breath shortness due to Asthma

Vomiting and diarrhoea

Tests

Blood tests are conducted to see the presence of eosinophil granulitis, anti neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies and neutrophil granulocytes. The disease is diagnosed on the basis of various symptoms like:

Presence of mononeuropathy

Asthma

High amount of eosinophils

Paranasal sinus

Pulmonary inflates that cannot be fixed

Extravasular eosinophils with histological evidences

Only if all or more than 4 symptoms are present then the patient can be confirmed with Chrug Strauss Syndrome.

Treatment

Glucocorticoids are the most common immunosuppressive that is given in this disease. No specific cure is present for treating the Chrug Strauss Syndrome but few medications may offer a long term relief to the patient. Some of the common medicines used for treating this disease are corticosteroids in which prednisone is the most commonly used drug. High dose of corticosteroids may cause side effects as well. Immune globulin and other immunosuppressive drugs like azathioprine (Azasan, Imuran), cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan) and methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall) is also given to slow down the immune system of the body

Prognosis

Severe Asthma usually persists in spite of giving immunosuppressive drugs along with prednisone. Relapses are quite common with this disease. Without treatment the survival rates are quite low.

Prevention

There could be many side effects of long term use of Prednisone but these can be minimised with exercise and healthy diet. Alcohol and smoking should be stopped and sufficient amount of calcium should be taken for protecting the bones from getting damaged.

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Childhood Diseases

Defining The Childhood Diseases

Children are prone to catch infections and suffer from illness at a greater rate that the adults due to their not-so-developed immunity system and an outdoor ambience of schools, playgrounds, day-centre, parks, etc. Contagious diseases get easily transfused into a child’s system through the various types of infections getting transmitted into a pediatric immunity easily. Therefore, it should be borne in mind, that almost every diseases confronted by children are likely to be serious and should be dealt with immense precariousity and diligence. Most of the childhood contagious diseases are formed by the spread of bacteria, as in the case of scarlet fever; or viruses in the forms of droplets of saliva or mucus, especially when a child coughs or sneezes while in contact of another child, as in the cases of a few serious diseases like, chickenpox, measles, hand-foot-and mouth diseases,etc. At many times, infestations caused by insects can take form of serious contagious disease like, scabies; while, sometimes also, fungal infections via. Ringworms can also happen to be a severe contagious disease for the children. In fact, of all the childhood diseases, the two most efficacious are – the scarlet fever and the German measles.

Understanding The Scarlet Fever And The German Measles

Scarlet fever is an infection initiated by streptococcus bacteria. In such condition, children tend to suffer not only from a throat infection, but, at the same time, poison is produced in the child’s body causing the distinctive rash of scarlet fever. However, children with more sensitive skin are to get rash in such conditions, as their skin’s epidermal layer are prone to toxins, although, every child suffering from scarlet fever must be getting throat infection. Scarlet fever is contagious and anybody, be they adults or children, if come in contact with a child suffering from scarlet fever might get infected from the patient on the very same disease. Although rare, yet complications arising out of this scarlet fever may include deeper tissue infections, rheumatism fever, and even, kidney diseases. On the other hand, German measles is initiated by rubella virus which spread into a child’s body through contact with fluids present in the respiratory tract. Occurring mostly in the spring and summer months, the incubation period stretches from 14 – 21 days, whereas, the disease accompanied by rash and fever start to persist between 1 – 7 days after the incubation tenure. Though, this disease proves to be a mild illness to children with weak immune, yet for the pregnant woman, suffering from this disease, the condition can be critical for it can cause severe damage to their unborn babies.

Understanding The Other Childhood Diseases

Other viral diseases like, measles is a highly contagious infection of the respiratory system caused by a virus; whereas, chickenpox is caused by a virus named varicella-zoster. Likewise, scabies caused by tiny mites called sarcoptes scabiei living and multiplying on the skin of the children, initiate an itchy skin condition. The scalp and the hair of the children suffering from scalp ringworm disease appear to be of scaly spots with patches of broken hair on the heads. Such disease is caused by tinea capitis, resulting in a common mild infection of the scalp and the hair.

Getting Rid Of The Childhood Diseases

Mostly, the childhood diseases can be prevented by the elders and the parents by getting their children vaccines which provide a life-long immunity to them from such diseases. However, most of these diseases being contagious can be easily transmitted amongst the children by various ways as told before. And, in such cases, taking before-hand prevention stands just next to impossible on the parts of the parents, as well as, the elders.

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